Democrats signaled on Monday that they were ready to push through President Joe Biden’s $ 1.9 trillion economic relief plan without any Republican votes by organizing votes on a budget resolution.

If the House and the Senate adopt the budget plan – which is not required to be signed by the president – congressional committees would have until Feb. 16 to propose legislation that would implement Biden’s plan.

The resulting spinoff bill, as long as the panels met the resolution’s budget targets and did not add unnecessary provisions, would be immune from filibuster in the Senate, meaning Democrats could l ‘adopt with only 51 votes.

With a group of 10 Senate Republicans invited to the White House on Monday night To discuss their own much smaller pandemic aid proposal, Democratic leaders on Capitol Hill have, however, sought to downplay the likelihood of going it alone.

“Democrats welcome the ideas and contributions of our Senate Republican colleagues. The only thing we cannot accept is too small or too narrow a package to get our country out of this emergency, ”Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer said in the Senate.

Yet tabling the budget resolution is the first formal legislative step in allowing Democrats to pass a bill on their own, if they so choose. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said last week that she expected the bill to pass both the House and the Senate this week.

The process of asking committees to report on a secondary law is called budget reconciliation and has been used in recent years by Republicans and Democrats to pass big bills over minority party objections.

Republicans used it in 2017, 2005, 2003, and 2001 to cut taxes, while Democrats used it in 2007 and 2010 for bills overhauling the student loan and health care systems.

Committees will spell out the details, but the numbers in the resolution – such as how much each panel can increase the budget deficit with its part of the reconciliation bill – imply certain policies.

For example, Schumer and Pelosi in a joint statement said the potential fallout reconciliation bill would provide for another round of direct payments, with $ 1,400 per eligible family member. They also said the final legislation would extend unemployment programs linked to the pandemic, including a weekly top-up benefit of $ 400, until September from the current March expiration date.

It will also provide $ 350 billion in aid to state, local and tribal governments, they said.

Neither Schumer and Pelosi’s statement nor the House Budget Committee’s outline on what would be in the latest bill mentioned raising the minimum wage, a provision many budget experts believed did not. would not be allowed as part of the reconciliation process and which House Budget Speaker John Yarmuth had suggested he could wait for a second budget cycle later in the year.

There was also no instruction to the Ways and Means Committee to increase the debt ceiling through reconciliation, something Yarmuth told MarketWatch last week had to be done to prevent Republicans from being potentially use as political leverage against the White House as they did in 2011.

Citing Republicans who did so in 2017, Democrats plan to pass two budgets and thus have two chances to use reconciliation this year and could try to change minimum wage or debt ceiling laws.

Sen. John Cornyn, a Republican from Texas, warned Democrats against pushing the reconciliation process too far and using it as a surrogate to get rid of the Senate obstruction rule requiring 60 votes to complete debate on bills.

“Burning minority rights can help you now, but you will certainly regret it one day,” Cornyn said on the Senate floor.

The numbers in the resolution itself, which Democrats say reflect current law and should not be taken as approved by them, predicted $ 2.3 trillion in revenue for the current fiscal year, 6.1 trillion of spending for a budget deficit of $ 3.8 trillion in fiscal 2021.

Public debt, the accumulation of past and current budget deficits, would drop from $ 29.9 trillion in 2021 to $ 41.1 trillion in 2030 according to the resolution.