On Sunday, former President Donald Trump attacked American Jews in a post on his Truth Social platform, saying Jews in the United States need to “pull themselves together” and show more appreciation for the State of Israel “before let it not be too late”.

American Jews have long been accused of being secretly loyal to Israel rather than the United States, and Trump’s message tapped into this anti-Semitic trope, suggesting that by virtue of their religion, American Jews should show more of appreciation to Israel.

Trump also complained in the message that “no president” has done more for Israel than he has, but that evangelical Christians are “much more grateful for this than people of the Jewish faith, especially those who live in the United States”.

It was not the first time that Trump has suggested that American Jews, who have traditionally more often aligned themselves with the Democratic Party on domestic policies, should support him more because of his dealings with Israel.

“The Jews who live in the United States don’t love Israel enough. Does this make sense to you? he says in a meeting last year with an Orthodox Jewish magazine, adding that it seemed “odd” that he didn’t have more Jewish support.

At a Hanukkah event at the White House in 2018, he sparked criticism for calling Israel “your country” when speaking to American Jews. It was also reprimanded when he said at a 2019 Oval Office meeting that “any Jewish people who would vote for a Democrat, I think that shows either complete lack of knowledge or great disloyalty.”

Trump’s latest rant on Jews came as Republican candidates made overt calls for racial animosity and resentment in the final weeks of the midterm election campaign.

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It also comes as high-profile Republican figures have failed to disown musician and sometimes Trump supporter Ye, the rapper and fashion designer formerly known as Kanye West. Earlier this month, Ye tweeted that he wanted to go “death con 3” on “JEWISH PEOPLE,” an apparent reference to Defcon, the US military defense readiness system. Instagram and Twitter deleted posts from the artist, who had been featured on conservative Fox News host Tucker Carlson’s show.

Trump has long been frustrated that he hasn’t garnered more support from American Jews, especially when as president he moved the US embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem and his Jewish son-in-law, Jared Kushner, moved helped broker new treaties between Israel and some of its Arab neighbors.

In Sunday’s message, Trump wrote that his support among people living in Israel is “a different story.” “The highest approval rating in the world, could easily be PM!” he wrote, pitting his popularity in the foreign country against his support among American Jews.

Trump’s message caught on quickly online review. On her personal Twitter account, Neera Tanden, senior adviser to President Biden, wrote, “We should all stand against what looks like a growing chorus of anti-Semitism. There should be no place for it in our politics or our culture.

Yaakov Katz, editor of the Jerusalem Post, tweeted a screenshot of Trump’s comment, adding: “Nothing to do here. Just a former US president using threatening language about American Jews at a time when anti-Semitism is on the rise globally.